Adverb


Adverb 

Adverb adds to the meaning of a verb, adjective or another adverb.
(Without adverb, a sentence is complete but adding it, the meaning is enhanced.)
Examples:
We run fast.
Quickly, slowly, sharply, early, heavily etc.
Notice here the difference between Adjective and Adverb. Both add meanings but to different things.

Kinds of Adverb

1- Adverb of Manner:
It ends on “ly” and gives us the answer of “how”.
Examples:
Slowly, quickly, neatly, hardly etc

2- Adverb of Place:
It gives us the answer of “where”.
Examples:
Here, there, in, on, under, behind, beside, near etc

3- Adverb of Time:

It gives us the answer of “when”.
Examples:
Yesterday, tomorrow, now, today, soon, early etc

4- Adverb of Degree:
It adds to the meaning showing some degree or level.
Examples:
He works harder.
Pakistani team runs faster etc.
Rules for Adverb:
1- “Very” is used as degree and positive degree.
2- All kind of Adverb of Place show position, so these all are Prepositions also. However, it is not necessary that all prepositions are also adverb of place.
3- Without an Adverb, a sentence is complete but it qualifies its meaning, if present.
4- There’s another kind of Adverb i.e. Adverbial Phrase
It is at the end of a sentence and there is preposition before it. Some students consider it object but that is adverbial phrase, not object e.g. The sun rises in the east. Its detail is also given in Passive Voice Section.
5- Adverb may be in the start, center or end of a sentence depending upon emphasis e.g.
He goes to school, daily.
Daily, he goes to school.
He, daily, goes to school.
5- Adverb is written with comma to make it separate from a sentence because it is used as an additional word to stress. If you remove it, the sentence will even then be complete e.g. I get up, early, in the morning.
I get up in the morning.

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